Cecil, James

Person Key: 
CEC002
Family Name: 
Cecil
First Name(s): 
James
Person Title: 
1st Marquess of Salisbury
Titular Place: 
Salisbury
Rank In Peerage: 
Marquess
Division of Peerage: 
Great Britain
Birth Year: 
1748
Death Year: 
1823
County: 
Hertfordshire
Biography: 

James Cecil was the only surviving son of James, 6th Earl of Salisbury, and Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Edward Keet Esq., of Canterbury. He succeeded his father as 7th Earl of Salisbury in 1780. He was Lord Chamberlain to George III from 1783 to 1804 and was made Marquess of Salisbury 18 August 1789 and a Knight of the Garter in 1793. He married, 2 December 1773, Emily Mary Hill, second daughter of Wills, 1st Marquess of Downshire, and they had one son and two daughters. She survived him and died in a fire in the West wing of Hatfield House 27 November 1835.

Seat / Residence(s): 
Hatfield House, Hertfordshire
Biographical Sources: 
Burke's Peerage and Baronetage 1970.