Boyle, Robert (1627 -1691)
Robert Boyle, the great scientist and author of The sceptical chymist, was the youngest, and fifth surviving son of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork and his second wife Catharine, daughter of Sir Jeffrey Fenton. Educated at Eton and the University of Leyden, he travelled in France, Italy and Switzerland. He went to Oxford in 1654 and set up a laboratory, outside the University, and drew about him a number of senior members of the University who were interested in Chemistry. The Sceptical Chymist was the result of this period. At the Restoration he went to London, as did most of his associates. A founder member of the Royal Society, he gave great support to the translation of the Bible into foreign languages, was one of the patrons of the Welsh and Irish Bibles, and left a sum for a series of lectures defending Christianity to be known as the Boyle Lectures. He never married. The family library was sold in 1906 by the 10th Earl of Cork.