Caulfeild, James, 1st Earl of Charlemont (1728 -1799)
James Caulfeild, was the second but eldest surviving son of James, 3rd Viscount Charlemont, and Elisabeth, only daughter of Francis Bernard, of Castle Bernard in Cork. Born 18 August 1728, he succeeded his father as 4th Viscount at the age of six. He was educated by tutors, and attended the University of Turin for one year. He was raised to the dignity of Earl in 1763 in recognition of his success in quelling a revolt in the north of Ireland without bloodshed. As a politician he was notable for his loyalty to the crown and for his independence. He was a friend of Grattan. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas Hickman July 2 1768. Installed Knight of St Patrick 1783; the first president of the Royal Irish Academy in 1786. He died 4 August 1799 and was succeeded by his son Francis William. The books and manuscripts of Francis William, 2nd Earl of Charlemont were sold by Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge at two sales 11 August and 27 September 1865.