Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 -1598)

William Cecil was the only son of Richard Cecil of Burleigh in Northamptonshire, and Jane daughter and heir of William Heckington of Bourn in Lincolnshire. His father and his grandfather were both in royal service and had been richly rewarded with gifts of monastic lands. William was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, admitted to Gray's Inn, and studied for a career at the bar. The Protector Somerset made him Master of Requests, and, in 1548, his secretary. The previous year he had been elected Member of Parliament for Stamford. When Somerset fell from power, Cecil was at first sent to the Tower, but was soon released and became one of the Secretaries of State. He was knighted in October 1551. During Mary's reign he was employed on diplomatic missions abroad, and on Elizabeth's accession one of her first acts was to make him her Secretary of State. On 22 February 1571, Cecil was created Baron Burghley and the next year Elizabeth made him a Knight of the Garter. In July 1572 he became Lord Treasurer. He received no further honours from the Queen, but his two surviving sons Thomas and Robert were subsequently created Earls of Exeter and Salisbury. It has sometimes been thought that the different crest and motto on Stamp 2 meant that the stamp was that of Thomas Earl of Exeter, but there is evidence that the stamp was used by Lord Burghley himself. Part of Burghey's library was sold by T. Bentley & B. Walford at the Bear in Ave Mary Lane 21 November 1687. The catalogue was entitled Bibliotheca illustris: sive Catalogus librorum ... viri cujusdam prænobilis ac honoratissimi olim defuncta.

Seat / Residence(s): Hatfield House, Burghley House, Lincolnshire
Library Auction Details: T. Bentley & B. Walford (21 November 1687)
Stamp(s) Stamp Information
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 1) Helmet: Esquire
Crest: A garb supported by two lions rampant
Arms: Quarterly of six 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils (Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Quarterings: 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils (Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Heraldic Charges: barry (10), Heraldic Charges: bend cotised, on a, Heraldic Charges: chevron between, Heraldic Charges: escutcheons (6), Heraldic Charges: garb, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: lions rampant (2), Heraldic Charges: roundel, Heraldic Charges: towers (3), Heraldic Charges: tree
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 2) Motto: Cor unu via una
Helmet: Esquire
Crest: Six arrows in saltire, 3 and 3, tied with a belt and surmounted by a morion cap
Arms: Quarterly of six 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils (Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Quarterings: 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils (Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Heraldic Charges: arrows (6), Heraldic Charges: barry (10), Heraldic Charges: bend cotised, on a, Heraldic Charges: chevron between, Heraldic Charges: escutcheons (6), Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: roundel, Heraldic Charges: towers (3), Heraldic Charges: tree
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 3) Arms: Quarterly of six 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils (Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Quarterings: 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Heraldic Charges: barry (10), Heraldic Charges: bend cotised, on a, Heraldic Charges: chevron between, Heraldic Charges: escutcheons (6), Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: roundel, Heraldic Charges: towers (3), Heraldic Charges: tree
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 4) Helmet: Esquire
Crest: A garb supported by two lions rampant
Arms: Quarterly of six 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils (Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Quarterings: 1 & 6. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A lion rampant holding a tree eradicated (Wynstone) 3. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 4. On a bend cotised three cinquefoils (Dawney) 5. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Heraldic Charges: barry (10), Heraldic Charges: bend cotised, on a, Heraldic Charges: chevron between, Heraldic Charges: escutcheons (6), Heraldic Charges: garb, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: lions rampant (2), Heraldic Charges: roundel, Heraldic Charges: towers (3)
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 5) Helmet: Esquire
Crest: A garb supported by two lions rampant
Arms: Quarterly 1 & 4. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 3. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Quarterings: 1 & 4. Barry of ten six escutcheons three, two and one each charged with a lion rampant (Cecil) 2. A roundel between three towers triple towered (Caerlion) 3. A chevron between three chess rooks ermine (Walcot)
Heraldic Charges: barry (10), Heraldic Charges: chess rooks (3), Heraldic Charges: chevron between, Heraldic Charges: escutcheons (6), Heraldic Charges: garb, Heraldic Charges: lions rampant (2), Heraldic Charges: roundel, Heraldic Charges: towers (3)
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 6) Crest: A garb supported by two lions rampant
Heraldic Charges: garb, Heraldic Charges: lions rampant (2)
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 7) Crest: A garb supported by two lions rampant
Heraldic Charges: garb, Heraldic Charges: lions rampant (2)
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 8) Crest: A garb supported by two lions rampant
Heraldic Charges: garb, Heraldic Charges: lions rampant (2)
Cecil, William, 1st Baron Burleigh (1520 - 1598) (Stamp 9) Crest: A garb
Heraldic Charges: garb