Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 -1588)

Robert Dudley was the fifth, but after 1557 the second surviving, son of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland and Jane Guilford. Like his father and brothers, he was involved in the plot to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne, but was released from the Tower and pardoned on the 18 October 1554. He was made Master of the Ordnance at the Siege of St Quentin 1557, Master of the Horse to Queen Elizabeth, a Knight of the Garter in 1559, and created Earl of Leicester in 1564. In 1566 the French King Charles IX made him a Knight of the Order of St Michael. He was sent as Governor and Captain General to the United Provinces in 1585, and was made Lieutenant General in 1588. His taste for magnificence seems to have carried over to his books, more than seventy of which survive. The majority have stamp 4, usually with the initials R D. 5 and 6 were probably cut for the books on which they appear and were presents from Archbishop Matthew Parker, and bound in his bindery. The Nixon article contains a very full discussion of the binders who bound for Dudley with a list of all books from his library known to him.

Seat / Residence(s): Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, Essex House, London, Wanstead Manor, Essex
Stamp(s) Stamp Information
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 - 1588) (Stamp 1) Motto: Droit et loyal
Helmet: Peer
Crest: A bear erect muzzled and chained supporting a ragged staff
Arms: Quarterly of sixteen 1. A lion rampant double queued (Sutton and Dudley) 2. Two lions passant (Somerie) 3. Barry of six a label (Grey) 4. Barry of ten an orle of martlets (De Valence) 5. A cinquefoil ermine (Astley) 6. A lion rampant within a bordure engrailed (Talbot) 7. A lion rampant within a bordure (Belesme) 8. A fess between six cross crosslets (Beauchamp) 9. Checky a chevron ermine (Guy, Earl of Warwick) 10. A chevron between ten crosses patty (Berkeley) 11. A lion passant crowned (Lisle) 12. A fess between two chevrons (Lisle) 13. A saltire between four martlets (Guilford) 14. A fess dancetty (West) 15. A lion rampant between five cross crosslets fitchy (Delaware) 16. Barry of six on a chief three pallets between two base esquires over all an escutcheon (Mortimer) in fess point and at the junction of quarters 1, 2, 5 and 6 a crescent for difference
Quarterings: 1. A lion rampant doublequeued (Sutton and Dudley) 2. Two lions passant (Somerie) 3. Barry of six a label (Grey) 4. Barry of ten an orle of martlets (De Valence) 5. A cinquefoil ermine (Astley) 6. A lion rampant within a bordure engrailed (Talbot) 7. A lion rampant within a bordure (Belesme) 8. A fess between six cross crosslets (Beauchamp) 9. Checky a chevron ermine (Guy, Earl of Warwick) 10. A chevron between ten crosses patty (Berkeley) 11. A lion passant crowned (Lisle) 12. A fess between two chevrons (Lisle) 13. A saltire between four martlets (Guilford) 14. A fess dancetty (West) 15. A lion rampant between five cross crosslets fitchy (Delaware) 16. Barry of six on a chief three pallets between two base esquires over all an escutcheon (Mortimer) in fess point and at the junction of quarters 1, 2, 5 and 6 a crescent for difference
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: barry (10), Heraldic Charges: barry (6), Heraldic Charges: bear, Heraldic Charges: bordure engrailed, Heraldic Charges: checky, Heraldic Charges: chevron, Heraldic Charges: chevron between, Heraldic Charges: chief, on a, Heraldic Charges: cinquefoil, Heraldic Charges: cross crosslets (5), Heraldic Charges: cross crosslets (6), Heraldic Charges: crosses patty (10), Heraldic Charges: escutcheon, Heraldic Charges: fess between, Heraldic Charges: fess dancetty, Heraldic Charges: lion passant, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant between, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant within, Heraldic Charges: lions passant (2), Heraldic Charges: martlets (10), Heraldic Charges: orle, Heraldic Charges: pallets (3) between, Heraldic Charges: saltire, Heraldic Charges: staff, ragged
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 - 1588) (Stamp 2) Motto: Droit et loyal
Crest: A bear erect muzzled and chained supporting a ragged staff on the shoulder a crescent for difference
Heraldic Charges: bear, Heraldic Charges: staff, ragged
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 - 1588) (Stamp 3) Arms: Quarterly of sixteen 1. A lion rampant a crescent for difference (Dudley) 2. Two lions passant (Somerie) 3. A cinquefoil pierced (Pagnell) 4. Barry of six in chief a label (Grey) 5. A cross flory (Lexington) 6. A maunch (Hastings) 7. Barry of ten an orle of martlets (De Valence) 8. Vairy (Ferrers) 9. Seven mascles conjoined three, three, and one (Ferrers of Groby as heir of Quinci) 10. Three garbs (Meschines) 11. A lion rampant within a bordure (Belesme) 12. A fess between six cross crosslets (Beauchamp) 13. Checky a chevron ermine (Guy, Earl of Warwick) 14. A chevron between ten crosses patty (Berkeley) 15. A lion passant crowned (Lisle) 16. A fess between two chevrons (Lisle) in fess point a crescent for difference
Quarterings: for difference (Dudley) 2. Two lions passant (Somerie) 3. A cinquefoil pierced (Pagnell) 4. Barry of six in chief a label (Grey) 5. A cross flory (Lexington) 6. A maunch (Hastings) 7. Barry of ten an orle of martlets (De Valence) 8. Vairy (Ferrers) 9. Seven mascles conjoined three, three, and one (Ferrers of Groby as heir of Quinci) 10. Three garbs (Meschines) 11. A lion rampant within a bordure (Belesme) 12. A fess between six cross crosslets (Beauchamp) 13. Checky a chevron ermine (Guy, Earl of Warwick) 14. A chevron between ten crosses patty (Berkeley) 15. A lion passant crowned (Lisle) 16. A fess between two chevrons (Lisle) in fess point a crescent for difference
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: barry (10), Heraldic Charges: barry (6), Heraldic Charges: bordure, Heraldic Charges: checky, Heraldic Charges: chevron, Heraldic Charges: chevron between, Heraldic Charges: chevrons (2), Heraldic Charges: cinquefoil, Heraldic Charges: cross crosslets (6), Heraldic Charges: cross flory, Heraldic Charges: crosses patty (10), Heraldic Charges: fess between, Heraldic Charges: garbs (3), Heraldic Charges: lion passant, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant within, Heraldic Charges: lions passant (2), Heraldic Charges: martlets (10), Heraldic Charges: mascles (7), Heraldic Charges: maunch, Heraldic Charges: orle, Heraldic Charges: vairy
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 - 1588) (Stamp 4) Monogram: R D
Crest: A bear erect muzzled and chained supporting a ragged staff on the shoulder a crescent for difference
Heraldic Charges: bear, Heraldic Charges: staff, ragged
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 - 1588) (Stamp 5) Motto: Droit et loyal
Crest: A bear erect muzzled and chained supporting a ragged staff on the shoulder a crescent for difference
Heraldic Charges: bear, Heraldic Charges: staff, ragged
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 - 1588) (Stamp 6) Motto: Droit et loyal
Crest: A bear erect muzzled and chained supporting a ragged staff on the shoulder a crescent for difference
Heraldic Charges: bear, Heraldic Charges: staff, ragged
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester (1532 - 1588) (Stamp 7) Motto: Droit et loyal
Monogram: R L
Crest: A bear erect muzzled and chained supporting a ragged staff on the shoulder a crescent for difference
Heraldic Charges: bear, Heraldic Charges: staff, ragged