Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1640 -1660)

Henry was the third and youngest son of Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria of France. He was also known also as Henry of Oatland. After his father's defeat at the end of the English Civil War, he was captured and brought to London, where he was lodged in the royal apartments in the White Tower of the Tower of London. For a while there was thought among the Republican Army of placing him on the throne, but this idea was rejected in favour of a Republican Commonwealth. He and his sister were permitted to visit their father on the eve of his execution. In 1652 Cromwell released him and allowed him to join his mother and brothers who were living in exile in Paris. There he quarreled with his Catholic mother, and eventually left Paris in order to join the Spanish armies fighting at Dunkirk, distinguishing himself in battle, and gaining a reputation as one of Europe's foremost Protestant soldiers. At the restoration of the monarchy he returned to England as part of Charles' triumphant progress through London in May 1660, and took up residence in Whitehall. He was created Duke of Gloucester and Earl of Cambridge by Charles II, but died suddenly of smallpox shortly afterwards at the age of twenty one.

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594 -1612)

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, was the eldest son of James VI of Scotland, afterwards James I of Great Britain, and his Queen, Anne of Denmark. Created Duke of Rothesay, Great Steward and Prince of Scotland at his baptism on 30 August 1594, on the death of Queen Elizabeth and on his father's accession to the English throne, Henry was made Duke of Cornwall. He followed his father to England with his mother and arrived at Windsor at the end of June, and on 2 July was invested with the Order of the Garter. In August 1605 he matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford. On 4 June 1610 he was created Earl of Chester and Prince of Wales, after which he held his court at St James's Palace. He died of an unidentified fever possibly typhoid on 6 November 1612. In 1609 the King purchased virtually the whole of the library of Lord Lumley for his use. Lord Lumley who had died on 11 April in that year, had acquired many of the books of his father in law Henry FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, and the library of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury. The library passed to his younger brother Charles, afterwards Charles I, who used the same stamps, and thus into the Royal Library. The Old Royal Library was given to the British Museum by George II in 1757. Some books were subsequently included in the eighteenth century sales of British Museum duplicates, but most remain in the British Library. Some of the stamps were later used by Charles II as Prince of Wales.
Stamp(s) Stamp Information
Arms: Quarterly 1 & 4. France and England quarterly 2. Scotland 3. Ireland
Quarterings: 1 & 4. France and England quarterly 2. Scotland 3. Ireland
Heraldic Charges: France and England, Heraldic Charges: Ireland, Heraldic Charges: Scotland
Badge: A lion passant gardant
Heraldic Charges: lion passant gardant
Monogram: H P
Badge: A rose surmounted of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: rose
Motto: Ich dien
Badge: Three ostrich feathers enfiled of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Badge: A fleur-de-lys surmounted of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: fleur-de-lys
Badge: A thistle surmounted of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: thistle
Badge: Three ostrich feathers enfiled of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: feathers, ostrich (3)
Arms: Quarterly 1 & 4. English and France quarterly 2. Scotland 3. Ireland
Quarterings: 1 & 4. English and France quarterly 2. Scotland 3. Ireland
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: France and England, Heraldic Charges: Ireland, Heraldic Charges: Scotland
Badge: Three ostrich feathers enfiled of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: feathers, ostrich (3)
Badge: Three ostrich feathers enfiled of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: feathers, ostrich (3)
Badge: A fleur-de-lys surmounted of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: fleur-de-lys
Badge: A rose surmounted of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: rose
Badge: A thistle surmounted of the crown of a Prince of Wales
Coronet: Prince of Wales
Heraldic Charges: thistle
Heraldic Charges: rose
Badge: A portcullis
Heraldic Charges: portcullis