Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 -1834)

George John Spencer was the only son of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer, and Margaret Georgiana, elder daughter of the Rt Hon Stephen Poyntz of Midgham in Berkshire. On the elevation of his father to an Earldom in 1765, he was known as Viscount Althorp. He was educated at Harrow, and at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was admitted as a nobleman 13 February 1776, and graduated M.A. in 1778. He then travelled on the Continent with a tutor for two years, and on his return entered Parliament as Member for Northampton in 1780, and in 1782 was returned as Member for Surrey. He married Lavinia, daughter of Charles Bingham, Earl of Lucan in 1781. He succeeded his father in 1783, and was in succession a Commissioner of the Treasury Board, Lord Privy Seal, First Lord of the Admiralty, and in 1806 Secretary of State for the Home Department. A Fellow of the Royal Society, of the Society of Antiquaries, and President of the Roxburghe Club, he was made a Knight of the Garter 1 March 1799. He added greatly to the fine library made at Althorp by his great grandfather, Charles, 3rd Earl of Sutherland. In particular he was an enthusiastic collector of early printing, and editions of the classics. There were two anonymous auction sales of books from his library, the first at the Great Room, opposite Trinity Chapel, Conduit Street on 22 March 1790, the catalogue is called A catalogue of a valuable collection of books, the property of a nobleman, etc., the second at Leigh and Sotheby's 20 December 1798, the catalogue A catalogue of the duplicates of a nobleman's library. A third sale of duplicates of the Library of the Earl Spencer took place on 26 May 1800, also at Leigh & Sotheby. With some minor exclusions, the Althorp Park Library was bought by Mrs Rylands in 1892 and removed to Manchester to form the core of the library which she set up as a memorial to her husband, Alderman Rylands. The John Rylands Library now forms part of the library of Manchester University.

Seat / Residence(s): Althorp, Northamptonshire
Library Auction Details: Great Room, opposite Trinity Chapel, Conduit Street, Leigh & Sotheby (22 March 1790), (20 December 1798),
Stamp(s) Stamp Information
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 1) Motto: Dieu defend le droit
Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a griffin's head and wings gorged with a bar gemelle
Arms: Quarterly in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend three escallops (Spencer) impaling Quarterly 1 & 4. A bend cotised between six crosses patty (Bingham) 2 & 3. Ermine a lion rampant ducally crowned (Turberville)
Coronet: Earl
Impalement: Quarterly 1 & 4. A bend cotised between six crosses patty (Bingham) 2 & 3. Ermine a lion rampant ducally crowned (Turberville)
Heraldic Charges: bend cotised between, Heraldic Charges: bend, on a, Heraldic Charges: coronet, ducal, out of a, Heraldic Charges: crosses patty (6), Heraldic Charges: escallops (3), Heraldic Charges: fret, Heraldic Charges: griffin's head and wings, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 2) Arms: Quarterly of eight 1 & 8. Quarterly in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend three escallops (Spencer) 2. Ermine on a chevron gules five plates [roundels argent] (Grant) 3. Or on two bars gules three water bougets argent (Willoughby) 4. Azure a fleur de lys argent in dexter chief a mullet (Digby) 5. Sable a lion rampant on a canton argent a cross gules (Churchill) 6. Argent on a fess gules three bezants [roundels or] (Jennings) 7. Quarterly 1 & 4. Gules three organ rests (Granville) 2 & 3. Gules four lozenges in fess argent (Carteret with the quarters reversed) a crescent for difference
Quarterings: 1 & 8. Quarterly in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend three escallops (Spencer) 2. Ermine on a chevron gules five plates [roundels argent] (Grant) 3. Or on two bars gules three water bougets argent (Willoughby) 4. Azure a fleur de lys argent in dexter chief a mullet (Digby) 5. Sable a lion rampant on a canton argent a cross gules (Churchill) 6. Argent on a fess gules three bezants [roundels or] (Jennings) 7. Quarterly 1 & 4. Gules three organ rests (Granville) 2 & 3. Gules four lozenges in fess argent (Carteret with the quarters reversed) a crescent for difference
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: bars (2), on, Heraldic Charges: bend, on a, Heraldic Charges: canton, on a, Heraldic Charges: chevron, on a, Heraldic Charges: clarions (3), Heraldic Charges: cross, Heraldic Charges: fess, on a, Heraldic Charges: fleur-de-lys, Heraldic Charges: fret, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: lozenges (4), Heraldic Charges: mullet, Heraldic Charges: roundels (5), Heraldic Charges: roundels (3), Heraldic Charges: water bougets (3)
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 3) Motto: Dieu defend le droit
Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a griffin's head and wings gorged with a bar gemelle
Arms: Quarterly in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend three escallops (Spencer) impaling Quarterly 1 & 4. A bend cotised between six crosses patty (Bingham) 2 & 3. Ermine a lion rampant ducally crowned (Turberville)
Coronet: Earl
Impalement: Quarterly 1 & 4. A bend cotised between six crosses patty (Bingham) 2 & 3. Ermine a lion rampant ducally crowned (Turberville)
Heraldic Charges: fret, Heraldic Charges: bend, on a, Heraldic Charges: bend cotised between, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: escallops (3), Heraldic Charges: crosses patty (6), Heraldic Charges: coronet, ducal, out of a, Heraldic Charges: griffin's head and wings
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 4) Motto: Dieu defend le droit
Arms: Quarterly in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend three escallops (Spencer) impaling Quarterly 1 & 4. A bend cotised between six crosses patty (Bingham) 2 & 3. Ermine a lion rampant ducally crowned (Turberville)
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: bar gemelle, Heraldic Charges: bend cotised between, Heraldic Charges: bend, on a, Heraldic Charges: crosses patty (6), Heraldic Charges: escallops (3), Heraldic Charges: fret, Heraldic Charges: griffin's head, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 5) Arms: Quarterly argent and gules in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend sable three escallops argent
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: fret, Heraldic Charges: bend, on a, Heraldic Charges: escallops (3)
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 6) Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a griffin's head and wings gorged with a bar gemelle
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: coronet, ducal, out of a, Heraldic Charges: griffin's head and wings
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 7) Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a griffin's head and wings gorged with a bar gemelle
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: coronet, ducal, out of a, Heraldic Charges: griffin's head and wings
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 8) Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a griffin's head and wings gorged with a bar gemelle
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: coronet, ducal, out of a, Heraldic Charges: griffin's head and wings
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 9) Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a griffin's head and wings gorged with a bar gemelle
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: coronet, ducal, out of a, Heraldic Charges: griffin's head and wings
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 10) Monogram: S
Coronet: Earl
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 11) Monogram: S
Coronet: Earl
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 12) Monogram: S
Coronet: Earl
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 13) Monogram: S
Coronet: Earl
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 14) Monogram: S
Coronet: Earl
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 15) Arms: Quarterly of eight 1 & 8. Quarterly in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend three escallops (Spencer) 2. Ermine on a chevron gules five plates [roundels argent] (Grant) 3. Or on two bars gules three water bougets argent (Willoughby) 4. Azure a fleur de lys argent in dexter chief a mullet (Digby) 5. Sable a lion rampant on a canton argent a cross gules (Churchill) 6. Argent on a fess gules three bezants [roundels or] (Jennings) 7. Quarterly 1 & 4. Gules three clarions (Granville) 2 & 3. Gules four fusils in fess argent (Carteret with the quarters reversed) a crescent for difference
Quarterings: 1 & 8. Quarterly in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend three escallops (Spencer) 2. Ermine on a chevron gules five plates [roundels argent] (Grant) 3. Or on two bars gules three water bougets argent (Willoughby) 4. Azure a fleur de ly
Coronet: Earl
Heraldic Charges: bars (2), on, Heraldic Charges: bend, on a, Heraldic Charges: canton, on a, Heraldic Charges: chevron, on a, Heraldic Charges: clarions (3), Heraldic Charges: cross, Heraldic Charges: escallops (3), Heraldic Charges: fess, on a, Heraldic Charges: fleur-de-lys, Heraldic Charges: fret, Heraldic Charges: lion rampant, Heraldic Charges: lozenges (4), Heraldic Charges: mullet, Heraldic Charges: roundels (3), Heraldic Charges: roundels (5), Heraldic Charges: water bougets (3)
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758 - 1834) (Stamp 16) Arms: Quarterly argent and gules in the second and third quarters a fret overall on a bend sable three escallops argent On an escutcheon of pretence Quarterly 1 & 4 a maunch between 8 bezants [roundels], 2 & 3 quarterly 1 & 4 five bezants [roundels]
Coronet: Earl
Escutcheon of Pretence: Quarterly 1 & 4 a maunch between 8 bezants [roundels], 2 & 3 quarterly 1 & 4 five bezants [roundels]
Heraldic Charges: fret, Heraldic Charges: bend, on a, Heraldic Charges: maunch, Heraldic Charges: roundels (5), Heraldic Charges: escallops (3), Heraldic Charges: roundels (8)