Wiseman, Nicholas Patrick Stephen, Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster (1802 -1865)
Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman was the younger son of James Wiseman, an Irish Catholic, and his second wife, Xavier Strange, daughter of Patrick Strange of Aylwardston Castle, County Kilkenny. He was educated at St Cuthbert's College, Ushaw, took minor orders, and finished his education at the English College in Rome, which he entered in 1818. In 1824 he received the degree of Doctor of Divinity, and was ordained in 1825. In November 1827, he became Vice Rector of the English College, and, in 1828, Rector. He came to England to take over for a year the Sardinian Embassy Chapel in Lincoln's Inn Fields in 1835. On Wiseman’s advice, the Pope increased the number of vicars apostolic in England in 1839, and, in 1840, he was created Bishop of Melipotamus in partibus and President of Oscott College. On the death of his superior Dr Walsh in 1848 he became pro vicar apostolic of the London district. In 1850 he was made a Cardinal, and, on 29 September that year, Archbishop of Westminster, in the newly restored English hierarchy of the Church of Rome.