Powlett, Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina

Person Key: 
POW002
Family Name: 
Powlett
First Name(s): 
Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina
Person Title: 
Duchess of Cleveland
Titular Place: 
Cleveland
Rank In Peerage: 
Duchess
Birth Year: 
1819
Death Year: 
1901
County: 
Midlothian
Durham
Biography: 

Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope was the only daughter of Philip Henry Stanhope, and Catherine Lucy, daughter of Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington of Upton. She married firstly, 20 September 1843, Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny, eldest son of Archibald John, 4th Earl of Rosebery. They had two sons and two daughters. He died on 23 January 1851, and on 2 August 1854 she married Harry George Vane, youngest son of William Harry Vane, youngest son of William Harry Vane, Duke of Cleveland. He succeeded to the Dukedom in 1864, and in the same year took the name Powlett in place of Vane in accordance with the will of his maternal grandmother the Duchess of Bolton. He died without issue, 21 August 1891, when all his honours except the Barony of Barnard became extinct. The Duchess had read widely, conversed well, and was a talented artist. In addition to the guide she wrote The Battle Abbey Roll. 3 vols. 1889, which contains much interesting family history. Battle Abbey was sold with its contents by auction 26 November 1901.

Seat / Residence(s): 
Dalmeny House, Midlothian
Raby Castle, Durham