Stanhope, Philip

Person Key: 
STA010
Family Name: 
Stanhope
First Name(s): 
Philip
Person Title: 
2nd Earl of Chesterfield
Titular Place: 
Chesterfield
Rank In Peerage: 
Earl
Division of Peerage: 
England
Birth Year: 
1633
Death Year: 
1713
County: 
Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire
Biography: 

Philip Stanhope was the only son of Henry, Lord Stanhope, and Catherine, daughter and coheir of Thomas Lord Wotton. His father died before he was two years old, and at the age of seven he accompanied his mother to Holland, where he was educated under the tuition of Poliander, Professor of Divinity at Leiden, whose son married his mother. He completed his education at Breda, the Court of the Princess of Orange, and in Paris. He succeeded his grandfather as 2nd Earl of Chesterfield in 1662. He was Lord Chamberlain to the Queen 1662, Colonel of a Regiment of Foot, D.C.L. of Oxford University 1669, and Lord Warden of the King's Forests 1679. At the revolution of 1688, he refused to help either side, and became a non juror, thus debarring him from all further office. He married three times, firstly, Anne Percy, eldest daughter of Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, by whom he had no issue, secondly, Lady Elizabeth Butler, daughter of James, Duke of Ormonde, by whom he had a daughter, and thirdly, Lady Elizabeth Dormer, eldest daughter and coheir of Charles Earl of Carnarvon. The books and pictures of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl, were sold by auction at Christie's 29 April 1782.

Seat / Residence(s): 
Shelford Priory, Nottinghamshire
Elvaston Castle, Derbyshire