Henry Frederick

Person Key: 
HEN004
First Name(s): 
Henry Frederick
Person Title: 
Prince of Wales
Rank In Peerage: 
Prince of Wales
Birth Year: 
1594
Death Year: 
1612
Century: 
17
Biography: 
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, was the eldest son of James VI of Scotland, afterwards James I of Great Britain, and his Queen, Anne of Denmark. Created Duke of Rothesay, Great Steward and Prince of Scotland at his baptism on 30 August 1594, on the death of Queen Elizabeth and on his father's accession to the English throne, Henry was made Duke of Cornwall. He followed his father to England with his mother and arrived at Windsor at the end of June, and on 2 July was invested with the Order of the Garter. In August 1605 he matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford. On 4 June 1610 he was created Earl of Chester and Prince of Wales, after which he held his court at St James's Palace. He died of an unidentified fever possibly typhoid on 6 November 1612. In 1609 the King purchased virtually the whole of the library of Lord Lumley for his use. Lord Lumley who had died on 11 April in that year, had acquired many of the books of his father in law Henry FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, and the library of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury. The library passed to his younger brother Charles, afterwards Charles I, who used the same stamps, and thus into the Royal Library. The Old Royal Library was given to the British Museum by George II in 1757. Some books were subsequently included in the eighteenth century sales of British Museum duplicates, but most remain in the British Library. Some of the stamps were later used by Charles II as Prince of Wales.